Digital fabrication is a rapidly growing research theme in architecture, urbanism, and design. It refers to the use of computer-controlled equipment to manufacture physical objects and structures. The ability to digitally design, simulate, and fabricate physical structures has led to a shift in the way architects, urban planners, and designers approach the design and construction process. It has opened up new possibilities for creating highly detailed, precise, and customized structures.
Digital fabrication research in architecture and design includes the use of 3D printing, CNC milling, laser cutting and robotic fabrication. This technology can be used to create complex and intricate geometries, customized and adaptive buildings, and to optimize the design for different performance criteria. In urbanism, digital fabrication can be used to create modular and prefabricated buildings and infrastructure, smart cities and to improve the livability and sustainability of cities. Additionally, digital fabrication is also being used to create new materials and new fabrication techniques, which can improve the energy efficiency and sustainability of buildings.
The research theme of digital fabrication encompasses a wide range of topics, including the development of new fabrication techniques, the integration of digital fabrication with other technologies such as BIM, GIS and simulation models, and the application of digital fabrication in different domains such as architecture, urbanism, and product design. The potential of digital fabrication is vast and it has the ability to revolutionize the way we design and construct the built environment in the future.